Bi quyet ngan chan va dieu tri soi than.

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Bi quyet ngan chan va dieu tri soi than

Soi than la can benh pho bien tren the gioi. Benh nay hinh thanh do rat nhieu nguyen nhan, nhung theo cac chuyen gia o Truong dai hoc y Harvard (My) thi nguyen nhan chu yeu la do loi song va an uong cua chung ta..

Bi quyet ngan chan va dieu tri soi than - Ban co dau.
Bi quyet ngan chan va dieu tri soi than - Ban khong dau.
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Bi quyet ngan chan va dieu tri soi than.

Loi song va an uong khong hop ly se tao co hoi hinh thanh soi trong than. Mac du pho bien nhung benh soi than khong phai kho phong tranh va dieu tri, chi can chung ta biet an uong hop ly.

Khong an thuc pham  giau chat oxalate

Theo cac chuyen gia  ve than thi oxalate- mot trong nhung thanh phan giup cho soi hinh thanh o than, chat nay lai co rat nhieu trong mot so thuc pham. Dien hinh nhu socola, ca phe, tra, cu cai duong, dau tay, rau bina, can tay, ca rot... Doi voi nhung nguoi mac benh hoac co nguy co mac benh nen han che su dung nhung thuc pham  noi tren.

An nhieu thuc pham  giau canxi

Trong mot nghien cuu  cua Truong y Harvard, cac nha khoa hoc  da kiem nghiem o 96.000 phu nu  voi tuoi doi tu 27 den 44, ket qua la ho thay co moi quan he  mat thiet giua che do an uong giau chat canxi voi su giam nguy co soi than. Nhung phu nu  hap thu luong canxi nhieu nhat co nguy co mac benh soi than thap hon 27% so voi nhung phu nu  nhan duoc it canxi nhat. Ho ly giai rang khi co the nhan nhieu canxi thi no se giup san sinh ra quintile-chat co kha nang chong lai su hinh thanh soi than.

Tang cuong uong dau ca

Mot so bang chung cho thay loai axit beo omega 3 (co chua trong dau ca) co the lam giam nguy co mac benh soi than. Axit beo omega-3 lam giam cac yeu to gay ra chung viemla thu pham lam tang nguy co hinh thanh soi than. Do vay, ban can tang cuong uong vien dau ca bo tro khi thay co nhung trieu chung cua benh soi than.

Tang cuong uong nuoc

Uong nhieu nuoc la mot trong nhung phuong phap chong benh soi than tot nhat . Moi nguoi nen uong du nuoc (khoang 2,5 lit nuoc moi ngay) de thai ra mot luong nuoc tieu khoang 1,4 lit moi ngay. Cac chuyen gia  khuyen, khi thuc day vao buoi sang, ban uong khoang 250-300ml nuoc sau do uong rai rac thoi gian  trong ngay. Uong nhieu nuoc se giup ban day duoc cac doc to va vi khuan o than ra khoi co the thong qua duong tiet nieu dong thoi lam mon cac hat soi than, ngan chan khong cho chung phat trien lon hon.

An nhat

An man la mot trong nhung nguyen nhan chinh lam tang luong natri trong nuoc tieu. Cac chuyen gia  khuyen nhung benh nhan mac benh soi than nen an nhat vi khi than nhan nhieu natri no se khong the hap thu het, lau ngay no se tich luy dan va hinh thanh nen soi. Ngoai ra, ban cung can han che cac thuc pham  giau natri khac nhu tom, cua, so, trung, trai, hen.

Han che an thuc pham  giau protein

Protein la thanh phan giup tang cuong axit uric, canxi va oxalate cho co the dong thoi lam giam luong muoi citrate (mot loai muoi axit citric). Che do an uong chua nhieu protein, dac biet la protein trong thit, luon co su lien quan den phat trien benh soi than (dam dong vat chua nhieu sulphua va tao ra nhieu axit hon dam thuc vat ).

Giam hap thu kali

Kali la mot loai khoang chat co chua nhieu o trong nhieu loai trai cay, rau cung nhu thit dong vat va cac san pham che bien tu sua. Neu than cua ban hoat dong  khong tot thi kali co the hinh thanh va tich luy nhieu o trong mau va tu do anh huong den than. Do vay, nhung nguoi mac benh soi than hoac co nguy co mac benh soi than cao can han che mot so loai thuc pham  giau kali nhu chuoi, nuoc khoang...

An nhieu cam

Cam co chua rat nhieu thanh phan citrate- chat giup lam giam su hinh thanh canxi oxalate o duong tiet nieu. Mot nghien cuu  duoc dang tren tap chi  American  Society of Nephrology cua My cho thay citrate giup cac chat caxi trong co the tich luy lai de ngan chan su hinh thanh soi. Nghien cuu  cung thay, cam co hieu nghiem chong soi than hon la chanh va nhung loai trai cay khac thuoc ho cam quyt.

Tang cuong an thuc pham  giau chat xo

Nhung thuc pham  giau chat xo nhu banh mi, do tuong, dau lang, khoai lang, san co chua rat nhieu hop chat voi ten goi la phytate (hay con goi la inositol hexaphosphate), chat nay giup ngan chan su ket tinh muoi trong than tuong doi hieu nghiem.

Han che su dung axit ascobic (vitamin C)

Doi voi nhung nguoi mac benh soi than hyperoxaluria thi nen tang cuong nhan chat vitamin B6 boi chat nay ngan chan hinh thanh soi rat tot. Cac thuc pham  giau vitamin B6 la dau ca, dau tuong, qua le, dua hau, dau phong, la ma de. Ngoai ra, vitamin B6 cung giup ngan chan axit ascorbic chuyen hoa thanh oxalate-chat hinh thanh nen soi than.

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Updated: 03/04/2008 | Views: 1354 | Comments: 0

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