Cau hinh ket noi mang VPN trong Windows XP.

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Cau hinh ket noi mang VPN trong Windows XP

Trong bai nay, chung toi se huong dan cho ban doc lam the nao de cau hinh mot ket noi toi mang rieng ao (VPN) su dung Windows XP. Bang viec tao tunnel ma hoa thong qua Internet, du lieu cua ban se luon duoc an toan..

Cau hinh ket noi mang VPN trong Windows XP - Ban co dau.
Cau hinh ket noi mang VPN trong Windows XP - Ban khong dau.
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Cau hinh ket noi mang VPN trong Windows XP.

Cau hinh ket noi mang VPN trong Windows XP.

 


Tong quan ve VPN

VPN la mot mang rieng duoc tao thong qua mang chung toan cau. No duoc ma hoa, nho do du lieu  cua ban se duoc dong goi va bao mat  khi chuyen qua mang – thuc chat ra la tao ra mot duong ham “ao” tren mang. VPN la phuong thuc ket noi toi mot mang rieng bang thong qua mang chung nhu mang Internet. Hien nay, mot ket noi inernet trong cong ty  la rat pho bien va tat nhien ket noi Internet  tai nha cung vay. Thong qua cac dieu kien tren, ban co the tao mot duong ham ma hoa giua mang o cong ty  voi mang nha de co the chuyen du lieu  mot cach an toan, thuan tien hon.

Neu muon tao mot ket noi VPN, ban se phai su dung ma hoa de dam bao rang khong ai co the truy cap  va ngan chan du lieu  bi mat trong khi dang van chuyen qua Internet. Windows XP  cung cap mot muc do bao mat  chac chan bang cach su dung giao thuc Point-to-Point Tunneling (PPTP) hay giao thuc Layer  Two Tunneling (L2TP). Ca hai giao thuc nay deu da duoc tinh toan rat ky va don gian boi chung tao ra duong ham ao chi de trao doi, tat nhien moi thu deu duoc ma hoa an toan.

Cau hinh VPN voi XP

Neu muon cau hinh ket noi VPN tu mot may tinh  khach cai Windows  XP, ban chi can su dung chinh tinh nang cua he dieu hanh  nay, no da duoc cau hinh toan bo. De thiet lap ket noi toi mot mang VPN, hay thuc hien theo cac buoc sau:

1. Tren may tinh  chay Windows  XP, hay chac chan rang no da duoc cau hinh phu hop de ket noi Internet.

  • Ban co the thu mo trinh duyet  Internet 
  • Ping thu mot dia chi Internet  ma ban biet, nhu yahoo.com, hay mot dia chi nao do ma khong bi chan ICMP

2. Vao Start, chon Control Panel.

3. Trong Control  Panel, kich dup vao Network Connections

4. Kich vao Create a new connection trong phan Network Tasks

5. Trong Network Connection  Wizard, kich Next.

6. Chon Connect to the network at my workplace, va kich tiep vao Next.

7. Chon phan Virtual Private Network connection, va kich Next.

8. Neu co loi nhac thi ban can chon phuong thuc ket noi Internet  (co the thong qua dialup, hoac neu tren mot duong rieng thi thong qua Cable, DSL, T1, Satellite…) sau do kich vao Next.

9. Nhap vao ten may chu, IP hay bat cu mo ta gi khac ma ban thay trong phan Network Connection. Phan nay co the thay doi lai sau neu muon. Kich Next.

10. Nhap vao ten may chu  hay dia chi IP  cua may tinh  ma ban muon ket noi toi, sau do kich Next.

11. Ban co the se duoc hoi neu muon dung Smart Card  hay khong.

12. Ban chi viec xac minh lai trong cua so cho nay, sau do kich vao Next.

13. Kich chon vao phan Add a shortcut  to this connection  to my desktop (Tao shortcut  cua ket noi nay tren nen desktop) neu muon, con khong ban hay bo chon va kich vao Finish.

14. Vay la ban da tao xong ket noi, nhung mac dinh co the phai thu ket noi. Ban co the thu ket noi ngay neu biet gia tri  hop le cua mang, neu khong thi dong lai va lam tiep cac buoc sau.

15. Trong cua so Network Connections, kich chuot phai vao ket noi moi vua tao va chon Properties. Hay xem xem ban co the tuy chinh ket noi nay nhu the nao truoc khi su dung no.

16. Trong tab dau tien General. Chi la phan ten cua ket noi, ban co the sua ten ngay tu hop thoai Network Connection  bang cach kich chuot phai vao ket noi va chon Rename. Ban chi co the cau hinh mot ket noi dau tien, dieu do co nghia la Windows  co the ket noi mang chung (nhu Internet) truoc khi bat dau co gang  ket noi VPN. Vi du tot nhat la nhu khi ban cau hinh ket noi dialup; no se khong phai la thu dau tien ban muon chay. Don gian la ban se muon ket noi toi Internet  truoc khi ma hoa va gui du lieu  thong qua no. Thiet lap nay de chac chan rang ban thuc su muon vay.

17. Tab tiep theo Options. Tab nay co chua rat nhieu thu ban co the cau hinh. Truoc tien la tuy chon ket noi toi mot Windows  Domain, neu ban check vao phan nay (mac dinh la khong check) thi client VPN cua ban se yeu cau thong tin  mien dang nhap Windows  khi bat dau giai doan ket noi VPN. Hon nua, co mot vai tuy chon o trong phan Redialing. Viec thu quay so lai se duoc cau hinh o day neu ban su dung dial up de ket noi toi Internet. Se rat thuan tien khi quay so lai neu duong truyen  thuong xuyen bi dut.

18. Tab Security. Voi tab nay ban se co the cau hinh bao mat  co ban cho VPN client. Tai day ban se thiet lap bat ky mot cau hinh IPSec nang cao hay cac giao thuc bao mat  khac cung co do tin cay va ma hoa cao.

19. Tiep theo la tab Networking. Tai day ban co the lua chon cac thanh phan mang su dung boi ket noi VPN nay.

20. Cuoi cung la tab Advanced: dung de cau hinh cac tuy chon cho cau hinh tuong lua hay chia se  trong mang.

Ket noi toi cong ty 

Vay la bay gio ban da co client VPN Xp voi tat ca cac thiet lap da san sang, buoc tiep theo la thu ket noi toi Remote Access  hay may chu  VPN thiet lap tai van phong  cong ty. Thuc hien theo mot so buoc don gian sau. De mo lai client, vao lai hop thoai Network Connections

1. Khi dang o trong hop thoai Network Connection, kich dup chuot hoac kich chuot phai va chon Connect tu menu – no se khoi tao ket noi toi van phong  cong ty.

2. Nhap vao ten va mat khau, kich vao Connects.

3. De ngat ket noi VPN, ban hay kich chuot phai vao bieu tuong ket noi va chon Disconnect.

Tom tat

Bai nay chung toi  da huong dan  day du cac buoc co ban de xay dung  mot ket noi VPN trong may tinh  su dung Windows  XP. Van de nay rat co ich khi ban co thiet bi VPN ma khong co may khach de co the ket noi voi no. Neu may chu  VPN khong su dung cac giao thuc cao hon thi ban hoan toan co the su dung may khach XP de ket noi

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Updated: 05/05/2008 | Views: 1073 | Comments: 1

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By nguyen oanh, IP: 222.252.*.*, 29/5/2009 16:25 GMT +0700
to chang hieu nhu the nao

nhung to dang phai lam 1 bai tim hieu ve cac mang may tinh .
giup to duoc k/

Ban co y kien gi ve bai viet Cau hinh ket noi mang VPN trong Windows XP nay? Hay goi suy nghi, binh luan, danh gia, loi khuyen ... cua ban ve bai viet Cau hinh ket noi mang VPN trong Windows XP ban tai day.

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