Thay doi ten so huu trong Windows XP.

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Thay doi ten so huu trong Windows XP

 Khi cai dat bat cu mot phien ban he dieu hanh Windows nao, nguoi dung se gap phai nhac nho nhap vao ten va cong ty..

Thay doi ten so huu trong Windows XP - Ban co dau.
Thay doi ten so huu trong Windows XP - Ban khong dau.
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Thay doi ten so huu trong Windows XP.

 Cac thong tin  dang ky nay se duoc luu trong registry va co the duoc thay doi bang cach chinh sua du lieu  trong Registry Editor mot cach can than. Mac du vay khong ai co the yen tam trong qua trinh thao tac voi Registry Editor va can thiep sau ben trong du lieu  cua no. Tham chi neu ai do da quen voi viec chinh sua registry thi day van thuc su la mot cong viec  gay ton kem thoi gian. Lieu se thuan tien va an toan hon neu ban co the mo mot hop thoai va nhap vao cac thong tin  dang ky moi? Do chinh la noi dung  ma chung toi  muon gioi thieu  cho cac ban trong bai.

Luu y: Cong cu duoc gioi thieu  trong bai da duoc cong bo tu nam 2002, duoc thiet ke cho Windows XP va cac phien ban  Windows  truoc do – khong su dung cho Windows  Vista va Windows  7.

Cong cu ma chung toi  gioi thieu  trong bai nay la Registration Changer, no se giup ban thao tac nhanh hon voi cac nhiem vu kho khan va mat thoi gian  nay. Day la cong cu duoc xay dung  bang cach ket hop cac tinh nang co san cua Windows  Script Host va VBScript nham tao kich ban. Co mot giao dien  dep mat va dong goi trong mot ung dung HTML  (HTA). Can luu y la Registration Changer duoc cung cap hoan toan mien phi  va ban co the download  no tai day.

Quan sat chi tiet thong tin  dang ky

Cac thong tin  dang ky thuong bao gom ten cua chu so huu va ten cong ty  (neu duoc chi dinh) va thuong duoc luu trong registry duoi dang cac chuoi van ban  don gian. Ten cua chu so huu duoc luu trong khoa RegisteredOwner, con ten cong ty  duoc luu trong khoa RegisteredOrganization. Cac thong tin  dang ky duoc hien thi tren tab General cua hop thoai System Properties, phan Registered To nhu the hien trong hinh A ben duoi.

Hinh A: Ten nguoi dung  va ten cong ty  xuat hien trong tab General  cua hop thoai System  Properties.

Se khong co van de gi neu nguoi dung  nay van su dung may tinh  cua ho, tuy nhien trong truong hop chuyen may tinh  cho mot nguoi khac trong cong ty  su dung thi chac han ai cung can phai thuc hien mot so thay doi.

Back up!

Mot chu y quan trong  hang dau khi lam viec  voi registry. Nhung thay doi khong co y doi voi registry cua ban co the gay ra do vo he thong. Chinh vi vay ban phai thuc hien hanh dong  back up he thong cua minh truoc khi mo registry.

Nhu nhung gi chac han cac ban da biet, cau truc cua registry trong cac he dieu hanh  cua Microsoft  kha giong nhau. Ve diem chung la vay nhung chung cung co mot so diem khac biet. Trong cac he dieu hanh Windows  95, Windows  98 va Windows  Me, cac khoa RegisteredOwner va RegisteredOrganization deu duoc luu trong khoa:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion

Trong Windows  NT, Windows  2000 va Windows  XP, cac khoa duoc luu trong khoa:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion

Cac khoa trong

Can luu y rang mot hoac ca hai khoa RegisteredOwner va RegisteredOrganization deu co the de trong. Noi mot cach khac la cac khoa nay van ton tai trong registry nhung chung gom mot chuoi trong rong.

Viec tu dong thay doi registry

Nhu da duoc de cap o tren, viec tu chinh sua cac thong tin dang ky trong registry thong qua Registry Editor can doi hoi su tinh te va ton kem nhieu thoi gian. Tuy nhien Windows  Script Host cung cap cac phuong phap lap trinh co the cho phep ban tu dong hoa qua trinh chinh sua registry. Hai phuong phap ma chung toi  su dung trong kich ban nay la RegRead va RegWrite.

Nhu ten cua no ngu y, phuong phap RegRead cho phep ban truy cap  mot khoa trong registry va doc gia tri  duoc luu trong khoa do. Nguoc lai phuong phap RegWrite lai cho phep ban thay doi gia tri  cua bat cu khoa nao trong registry.

Windows Script Host con cung cap cho ban nhieu phuong phap trong viec thay doi registry, chang han nhu RegDelete. Mac du vay, do tien ich Registration Changer khong thuc su can xoa bat moi thu tu registry va ben canh do phuong phap RegWrite cung cho phep ban ghi de len mot gia tri  nao do ton tai truoc, do do ban co the se khong can den phuong phap RegDelete trong kich ban ma chi can biet den su ton tai cua no la du.

De su dung cac phuong phap RegRead va RegWrite, ban can biet chinh xac  ten cua khoa trong registry ma minh muon thay doi cung nhu duong dan chinh xac  cua no. Ben canh do ban cung can biet chinh xac kieu du lieu  ma khoa do nam giu. Khong de cap qua chi tiet den van de nay, ban chi can biet co bon kieu du lieu  khac nhau ma registry gom co do la: kieu chuoi, kieu gia tri  32-bit khong dau, du lieu nhi nguyen phan va chuoi macro co kha nang mo rong.

Cai dat tien ich Registration Changer

Khi da download  duoc tien ich Registration Changer, ban chi can kich dup vao file RegChange Installation.exe de cai dat no. Khi kich dup, chuong trinh  cai dat se nhac ban chon mot thu muc de cai dat ung dung. Neu thu muc khong ton tai, chuong trinh  cai dat se tao no cho ban.

Sau khi cai dat tien ich Registration Changer, ban se thay hai file duoi day trong thu muc da chon cua minh:

RegChange.hta RegChange.ico

Ro rang, file RegChange.hta la file HTA ma ban se su dung de khoi chay ung dung. File RegChange.ico gom co bieu tuong ma HTA su dung cho menu dieu khien va thanh tac vu (taskbar).

Su dung tien ich Registration Changer

Viec su dung tien ich Registration Changer rat don gian. Sau khi ban cai dat tien ich xong, chi can kich dup vao file HTA de khoi chay no. Neu thich, ban co the tao mot shortcut  den file HTA va dat shortcut  do tren menu Start cua minh. Khi khoi chay tien ich Registration Changer ban se thay man hinh  chinh nhu the hien trong hinh B ben duoi.

Hinh B: Tien ich Registration Changer cho phep ban de dang thay doi thong tin  dang ky

De bat dau, ban can chon he dieu hanh  ma minh dang su dung. Nhu nhung gi ban co the thay, cac he dieu hanh  duoc nhom theo location trong registry, noi cac khoa RegisteredOwner va RegisteredOrganization duoc luu. Neu ban that bai trong viec chon he dieu hanh  va kich cac nut Display hoac OK, khi do ban se thay mot thong bao  loi nhu the hien trong hinh C. Khi kich OK, ban se duoc dua tro ve man hinh  chinh va co the bat dau lai.

Hinh C: Neu that bai trong viec chon he dieu hanh  truoc khi bat dau,
ban se thay mot thong bao  loi.

Bao dam chon dung he dieu hanh 

Viec chon dung he dieu hanh  la dieu rat quan trong trong khau nay. Neu ban chon sai he dieu hanh  thi Registration Changer se ap dung nhung thay doi cho location sai trong registry. Khi xay ra dieu do, thong tin  registry ma ban muon thay doi se nguyen nhu cu va se xuat hien nhung thu khong can thiet trong registry. Neu ap dung nhung thay doi khong dung voi he dieu hanh, ban co the de dang remove nhung thu khong can thiet bang cach chay tien ich lan nua va bo trong cac hop van ban.

Sau khi chon mot he dieu hanh, ban co the xem thong tin dang ky hien hanh cho he thong  bang cach kich nut Display. Khi thuc hien dieu do, ban se thay cac thong tin  hien dang duoc dang ky hien thi trong hop thoai nhu trong hinh D.

Hinh D: Tien ich Registration Changer co the hien thi cac thong tin  dang ky truoc khi ban tao cac thay doi

Neu muon thay doi cac thong tin  dang ky, ban chi can nhap vao cac hop thoai thich hop va kich OK. Khi do, ban se duoc nhac nho xac nhan hoat dong  truoc khi bat dau, xem the hien trong hinh E.

Hinh E: Truoc khi Registration Changer tao su thay doi doi voi registry, no se cho phep ban tuy chon bai bo hoat dong.

Neu chon No, ban se duoc dua tro ve man hinh  chinh va co the bat dau lai. Neu kich Yes, Registration Changer se ap dung cac thay doi cho registry. Sau do ban co the kiem tra ngay lap tuc cac ket qua bang cach kich nut Display. Khi thuc hien xong thao tac do, ban co the kich Cancel hoac kich Close, khi do cua so Registration se dong lai.

Xoa cac thong tin  dang ky

Neu ban thich xoa cac thong tin  dang ky thay cho viec nhap vao cac ten moi, hay de trong cac hop van ban  va kich OK.

Do la tat ca nhung gi ban can thuc hien voi tien ich nay. Registration Changer cho phep ban de dang hon trong viec chinh sua registry ma khong qua lo so. Tuy nhien nhu nhung gi chung toi  da gioi thieu truoc, ban van can thuc hien back up he thong  truoc khi can thiep vao registry.

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Updated: 30/07/2009 | Views: 179 | Comments: 0

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