10 cach tuy chinh Windows 7.

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10 cach tuy chinh Windows 7

 - Windows 7 la mot he dieu hanh co kha nang tuy chinh tot nhat cua Microsoft. Trong bai viet nay, chung toi se gioi thieu cho cac ban 10 meo tuy chinh Windows 7 de lam he dieu hanh nay theo nhu cach mong muon cua ban..

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10 cach tuy chinh Windows 7.

 

Co rat nhieu thu ma ban co the thuc hien de ca nhan  hoa ban copy  he dieu hanh  Windows  7 cho minh. Microsoft  cho phep ban cau hinh tat ca cac kieu thiet lap, tu nhung gi xuat hien tren desktop den cac chuong trinh  tu dong load khi Windows  khoi chay. Tat ca nhung gi ban can biet o day la nhung gi co the thay doi – va cach thay doi no nhu the nao.

1. Thay doi Desktop Theme

Thu dau tien ma hau het moi nguoi deu muon thuc hien khi su dung mot may tinh  moi do la lam viec  tren desktop. Ho thuong thich tao mot desktop mang tinh ca nhan  bang cach thay doi anh nen cua rieng minh, mau sac cac cua so, bieu tuong shortcut, gadget,…

Cac thay doi nay duoc thuc hien kha de dang trong Windows  7, nguoi dung  co the thiet lap background, mau sac cua so, am thanh he thong  va bao ve man hinh  trong thanh phan ma Microsoft  goi la theme. Thay doi mot theme va tat ca cac thanh phan nay se thay doi theo.

De ap dung mot trong nhung theme da co truoc trong Windows, hay thuc hien theo cac buoc duoi day:

  1. Kich phai vao bat cu cho nao tren desktop va kich Personalize tu menu xuat hien.
  2. Khi cua so Personalization xuat hien, nhu nhung gi the hien trong hinh 1, kich vao theme moi ma ban muon su dung.

Hinh 1: Su dung cua so Personalization de chon theme moi

Theme moi duoc su dung ngay khi ban kich vao no trong cua so Personalization – khong Save hoac nut OK de ban co the kich. Dieu nay co nghia rang ban co the thay theme hien thi nhu the nao trong khi ban van o trong cua so Personalization – va co the thay doi sang theme khac neu ban khong thich theme vua chon.

Ban cung co the tao cac theme cho rieng minh. Bat dau bang viec ap dung background, mau sac, am thanh va bo bao ve man hinh  cua desktop ma ban muon cho theme; nhung lua chon cua ban luc nay se xuat hien trong cua so Personalization nhu mot Theme chua duoc luu.

Kich chuot phai vao Theme nay trong cua so va chon Save Theme; khi duoc nhac nho, dat ten cho theme va kich nut Save. Theme moi nay se xuat hien trong cua so Personalization de ban co the lua chon sau nay.

2. Tao mot Slideshow anh cua background

Ban khong phai thay doi toan bo theme de ca nhan  hoa Windows. Windows  cho phep ban thay doi moi mot thanh phan trong theme mot cach rieng biet, bat dau voi background cua desktop.
Trong cac phien ban  truoc cua Windows, ban co the chon mot buc anh  de lam background cho desktop. Mac du vay Windows  7 cho phep ban co nhieu background duoc hien thi lan luot trong mot slideshow. Day la mot cach tuyet voi de xem tat ca cac buc anh  ua thich cua ban ma khong can phai chuyen thu cong cac anh background.

De tao mot slideshow cua desktop, hay thuc hien theo cac buoc duoi day:

  1. Kich chuot phai vao diem nao do tren desktop, sau do kich Personalize tu menu xuat hien.
  2. Khi cua so Personalization xuat hien, kich Desktop Background.
  3. Tu cua so Desktop Background, nhu the hien trong hinh 2, kich danh sach Picture Location va chon kieu background ban muon.


Hinh 2: Chon anh cho slideshow

  1. Giu phim Ctrl va kich vao cac anh background ma ban muon cho vao slideshow.
  2. De thiet lap thoi gian  moi background hien thi trong bao lau, chon mot gia tri  tu danh sach Change Picture Every.
  3. De hien thi cac anh background theo mot thu tu ngau nhien, kich tuy chon Shuffle.
  4. Kich Save Changes.

Ket qua background cua desktop se duoc thay doi va hien thi lan luot tat ca cac anh ma ban da chon.

3. Di chuyen Taskbar

Taskbar la mot vung duoc dat o phia duoi desktop. Hau het moi nguoi dung  Windows  deu thich hien thi taskbar trong vi tri mac dinh cua no, tuy nhien mot so nguoi dung  khac lai muon di chuyen chung sang phia ben canh man hinh  hay phia tren cung cua man hinh.

Ban co the dinh vi taskbar phia ben trai man hinh  nhu the hien trong hinh 3, dac biet neu ban co mot man hinh  rong (widescreen) thi day la mot vi du hop ly de su dung kieu dinh vi nay.


Hinh 3: Taskbar da duoc di chuyen sang phia ben trai cua man hinh

Vay cach di chuyen taskbar nhu the nao? Rat de dang, ban chi can thuc hien theo cac buoc duoi day:

  1. Kich chuot phai vao mot diem nao do tren taskbar va chon Properties. (Mot cach khac ma ban co the thuc hien la mo Control Panel va chon Taskbar and Start Menu)
  2. Khi hop thoai Properties cua Taskbar and Start Menu xuat hien, chon tab Taskbar.
  3. Keo xuong danh sach Taskbar Location on Screen va chon vi tri ban can chon: Bottom, Left, Right hoac Top.
  4. Kich OK.

Neu ban dinh vi taskbar o phia tren cung man hinh, menu Start se so xuong thay vi bat len nhu thong thuong. Neu ban chon taskbar o phia ben trai man hinh, menu Start se mo sang ben phai, con neu ban dinh vi taskbar o phia phai man hinh  thi menu Start se mo sang ben trai.

4. Them chuong trinh  va tai lieu  vao Taskbar

Taskbar trong Windows  7 co kha nhieu diem khac biet so voi cac phien ban  Windows  truoc do. Trong cac phien ban  truoc, taskbar ton tai hien thi cho ban cac chuong trinh  hoac tai lieu  nao da hien duoc mo trong Windows. Tuy nhien trong Windows  7, taskbar co nhieu nhiem vu hon, no con giu cac shortcut  cho cac ung dung va tai lieu  ua thich cua ban. Neu cau hinh taskbar thong minh, ban co the hiem khi su dung menu Start cua Windows.

De them ung dung hoac tai lieu  vao taskbar, hay thuc hien theo cac buoc sau:

  1. Mo menu Start hoac Windows Explorer va tim den ung dung hoac tai lieu  ma ban muon them vao taskbar.
  2. Kich phai vao muc can chon va chon Pin to Taskbar tu menu xuat hien.

De sap xep lai cac nut tren taskbar, su dung chuot de keo va tha cac nut vao vi tri moi. De go bo mot muc nao do trong taskbar, kich phai vao nut de hien thi Jump List; sau do chon Unpin This Program tu Taskbar.

5. Tuy chinh menu Start

Menu Start la nhung gi ban thay khi kich nut Start tren taskbar cua Windows. Day la mot menu gom co hai panel  va mot so muc xuat hien trong panel  ben phai mot cach mac dinh: cac lien ket den cac thu vien Documents, Pictures va Music; mot menu con cua cac tai lieu  duoc mo gan day; cac lien ket den Control Panel  va Help,… Ban co the go bo bat cu muc nao hoac tat ca cac muc tu menu Start, ben canh do ban cung co the bo sung them cac muc khac vao menu Start de su dung cho muc dich cua minh.

Them vao do, mot so cac muc co the duoc hien thi theo cac cach khac nhau. Cho vi du, mac dinh muc Documents o mot cua so Documents khi kich. Mac du vay, ban co the chon hien thi muc Documents nhu mot menu – do la khi ban kich no, no se hien thi mot menu con co chua cac muc trong thu vien Documents.

Ban co the thuc hien theo cac buoc duoi day de tuy chinh panel  phai cua menu Start:

  1. Kich phai vao nut Start va chon Properties tu menu xuat hien.
  2. Khi hop thoai Properties cua Taskbar and Start Menu xuat hien, chon tab Start Menu.
  3. Kich nut Customize.
  4. Khi hop thoai Customize Start Menu xuat hien, nhu the hien trong hinh 4, hay cuon den muc ma ban muon xuat hien trong menu Start.


Hinh 4: Tuy chinh cac muc trong panel  ben phai cua menu Start.

  1. Neu chi co mot hop kiem cho muc do, hay tich vao hop kiem nay. Khi do ban se thay hien thi muc nhu mot lien ket khi kich, va he thong  se mo mot cua so moi cho muc do.
  2. Mot so muc co ba tuy chon. De hien thi muc nhu mot lien ket (khi kich no mo ra mot cua so moi), tich va tuy chon Display as a Link. De hien thi nhu mot menu (khi kich mot menu con xuat hien), hay chon Display as a Menu.
  3. Neu ban khong muon mot muc nao do hien thi tren menu Start, huy chon hop kiem hoac tich tuy chon Don't Display This Item.
  4. Kich OK khi da thuc hien xong.

6. Thay doi vai tro cua nut Power

Nut Power  la mot nut lon o phia duoi ben phai menu Start ma ban thuong su dung de tat may tinh. Tuy nhien ban cung co the chon chuc nang khac cho nut nay, vi du nhu:

  • Shut Down
  • Hibernate
  • Sleep
  • Restart
  • Lock
  • Log Off
  • Switch User

Luc nay, tat ca cac tuy chon nay se hien huu khi ban kich vao mui ten ben canh nut Power. Tuy nhien ban co the gan bat cu tuy chon nay cho nut Power  bang cac buoc duoi day:

  1. Kich phai vao nut Start va chon Properties tu menu xuat hien (Cach khac la mo Control Panel va chon Taskbar and Start Menu)
  2. Khi hop thoai Taskbar and Start Menu Properties xuat hien, chon tab Start Menu.
  3. Keo con truoc xuong phia duoi trong danh sach Power  Button Action va chon mot tuy chon moi.
  4. Kich OK.

7. Them gadget cho desktop

Trong Windows  7 ban co the bo sung them chuc nang cho desktop cua minh thong qua cai ma Microsoft  goi la gadgets— cac ung dung tien ich nho thuc hien mot chuc nang don gian nao do. Cho vi du, gadget Clock hien thi thoi gian  thuc, Weather bao cao ve cac dieu kien thoi tiet hien hanh va du bao  thoi tiet trong vung cua ban,…

Trong Windows  Vista, cac gadget duoc hien thi tren mot Sidebar va lay di khong gian quy gia  cua man hinh  desktop. Windows  7 khong su dung Sidebar va cho phep ban hien thi cac gadget truc tiep  tren desktop Windows  – bat cu cho nao ban muon.

De bo sung them mot gadget vao desktop cua ban, hay thuc hien theo cac buoc duoi day:

  1. Kich phai vao diem nao do tren desktop; sau do chon Gadgets tu menu xuat hien.
  2. Khi cua so Gadgets xuat hien, nhu the hien trong hinh 5, kich dup vao gadget ma ban muon bo sung.

Hinh 5: Bo sung them cac gadget vao desktop

Mac du chi co mot so luong  han che cac gadget trong cua so Gadgets, nhung co nhieu gadget khac ma ban co the tim kiem  tren mang. Tat ca nhung gi ban phai thuc hien la kich Get More Gadgets Online tu cua so Gadgets; khi do ban se mo trinh duyet  va hien thi trang Personalize Your PC.

Kich vao tab Desktop Gadgets, sau do chon lien ket Get More Desktop Gadgets. Kich nut Download de download  va cai dat gadget ban muon.

Sau khi bo sung them mot gadget vao desktop, ban co the dinh vi no o dau do bang cach kich va keo gadget bang chuot. De go bo mot gadget nao do khoi desktop, dua chuot qua gadget do va kich X.

8. Thay doi cac chuong trinh  mac dinh cua Windows  7

Mot trong nhung thay doi kha thu vi trong Windows  7 la ban khong phai gan chat voi cac chuong trinh  mac dinh cua Windows, chang han nhu Internet Explorer  va Windows  Media  Player. Neu muon su dung chuong trinh  khac cho cac hoat dong  nao do, ban hoan toan de dang thay doi nhung gi khoi chay tu dong.

Day la cach thuc hien no:

  1. Mo menu Start va chon Default Programs.
  2. Khi cua so Default Programs xuat hien, kich Set Program Access  and Computer  Defaults.
  3. Khi cua so Set Program Access  and Computer  Defaults mo, nhu the hien trong hinh 6, kich vao mui ten chi xuong de mo rong phan Custom.
  4. Voi moi mot hoat dong  liet ke, tich chuong trinh  ma ban muon su dung nhu ung dung mac dinh.
  5. Kich OK khi chon xong.

Hinh 6: Thay doi cac chuong trinh  mac dinh

Can nho rang ban co the thiet lap mot chuong trinh  nao do la chuong trinh  mac dinh chi khi ban da cai dat no tren may tinh  cua minh. De lay vi du, neu ban muon chuyen tu Internet Explorer  sang Mozilla  Firefox, ban phai download  va cai dat Firefox  tren may tinh  cua minh.

9. Go bo cac chuong trinh  tu dong nap

Windows load rat nhieu chuong trinh  va qua trinh khi no khoi chay. Nhieu chuong trinh  hay qua trinh trong do la thuc su can thiet cho Windows, tuy nhien cung co mot so chuong trinh  la khong can thiet.

Cac chuong trinh  hay qua trinh tu dong chay khi khoi dong khong can thiet se tieu ton khong gian bo nho may tinh, lam cho he thong  cua ban chay cham hon so voi nhung gi no co the.

Microsoft da nhan ra van de voi cac chuong trinh  tu dong load khong can thiet va da phat hanh mot tien ich mang ten Autoruns de tim kiem  va quan ly tat ca cac chuong trinh  startup. Ban co the download  Autoruns mien phi  tai day.

Nhu nhung gi cac ban co the thay trong hinh 7, Autoruns hien thi tat ca moi thu ma Windows  load khi khoi chay tren mot loat cac tab. Moi tab duoc su dung cho mot kieu chuong trinh  hay qua trinh rieng biet.

Cho vi du, tab Drivers liet ke tat ca cac driver load trong startup; tab Everything liet ke cac thanh phan liet ke tren tat ca cac tab con lai. Kich vao mot muc de xem chi tiet them ve no trong panel  info o phia duoi cua so.


Hinh 7: Quan ly cac chuong trinh  auto-load voi tien ich Autoruns

De stop mot muc nao do de no khong khoi chay khi Windows  khoi dong, hay huy chon hop kiem cua muc do. Khi ban khoi dong Windows  o lan tiep theo, muc do se khong duoc tu dong load nhu thuong le nua.

10. Go bo cac thanh phan Windows  khong can thiet

Autoruns giup ban giai phong bo nho he thong  boi cac chuong trinh  tu dong load khong can thiet khi khoi chay Windows. Tuy nhien do khong phai la cach duy nhat de giai phong bo nho he thong; ban co the tat bo cac tinh nang cua Windows  ma minh khong can su dung de tang bo nho cho he thong. Tat ca nhung gi ban can thuc hien la lam theo cac buoc duoi day:

  1. Tu Control Panel, chon Programs and Features.
  2. Khi cua so Programs and Features xuat hien, chon Turn Windows  Features On hoac Off tu panel  nhiem vu.
  3. Khi hop thoai Windows  Features xuat hien, nhu the hien trong hinh 8, huy chon cac tinh nang ma ban muon vo hieu hoa.
  4. Neu ban muon kich hoat lai tinh nang nao, hay tich chung trong hop thoai Windows Features.
  5. Neu duoc nhac nho de xac nhan lua chon cua minh, hay chon Yes.
  6. Kich OK de dong hop thoai Windows  Features.

Hinh 8: Vo hieu hoa cac tinh nang Windows  khong can thiet

Luu y rang viec vo hieu hoa mot tinh nang nao do khong co nghia la ban xoa chung khoi he thong  cua minh ma tinh nang do van ton tai trong he thong, van chiem dung khong gian o dia cung cua ban. Bang cach nay ban co the de dang kich hoat lai bat cu tinh nang nao da bi vo hieu hoa truoc do ma khong phai cai dat lai Windows.

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Updated: 05/01/2010 | Views: 49 | Comments: 1

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By van, IP: 222.252.*.*, 18/4/2010 22:11 GMT +0700
minh dang dung window 7. minh muon thay nen desktop, nhung khi minh bam phai chuot vao desktop thi khong thay personalize. vao control panel cung khong tim duoc muc personalization.

Ban co y kien gi ve bai viet 10 cach tuy chinh Windows 7 nay? Hay goi suy nghi, binh luan, danh gia, loi khuyen ... cua ban ve bai viet 10 cach tuy chinh Windows 7 ban tai day.

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