Dot nhap lo may bay khong nguoi lai “khung” nhat the gioi.

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Dot nhap lo may bay khong nguoi lai “khung” nhat the gioi

Nhung chiec o to lan banh qua cac chot an ninh truoc rang dong. O day, trong khu phuc hop ngon ngang tai San Diego thuoc Nam California, hang nghin cong nhan dang mai miet cho ra doi the he nhung vu khi moi phuc vu cho chien tranh hien dai cua quan doi My..

Dot nhap lo may bay khong nguoi lai “khung” nhat the gioi - Ban co dau.
Dot nhap lo may bay khong nguoi lai “khung” nhat the gioi - Ban khong dau.
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Dot nhap lo may bay khong nguoi lai “khung” nhat the gioi.

 
Mot may bay khong nguoi lai vua ra khoi xuong o Nam California.

Trung tam san xuat

Nam California la noi tap doan General Atomics Aeronautical Systems cho ra doi cac may may bay khong nguoi lai Predator va Reaper, loai may bay co kha nang len loi giua cac day nui lom chom cua Pakistan, chop duoc nhung hinh anh phat hien noi tru an cua cac phan tu khung bo va co the phong nhung ten lua gan 230kg de pha huy muc tieu.   Nam tren dien tich gan 180.000 m2, day la mot khu trung bay khong lo cua nganh san xuat may bay khong nguoi lai dat tai Nam California, voi luc luong nhan cong len toi 10.000 nguoi. Nganh san xuat may bay khong nguoi lai dang phat vu vu vi duoc “tiep dam” boi nhung khoan chi cua Lau Nam Goc - it nhat 20 ty USD tu nam 2001 toi nay, va cac khoang len den nhieu ty USD nua tu Cuc tinh bao Trung uong (CIA) va Quoc hoi My.

Nam California da tro thanh “lo” san xuat lon nhat the gioi nhung chiec may bay khong nguoi lai, mot vu khi ngay cang quan trong trong chien tranh hien dai, khi hang trieu USD tien cua ngan sach lien bang duoc trut vao day moi nam. Khong chi co General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, thay truoc mot thi truong voi loi nhuan khong lo, hang chuc nha thau quoc phong gio day dang dua nhau lao vao linh vuc san xuat may bay khong nguoi lai, trong do co tap doan Boeing Co. va Lockheed Martin Corp.

Nhung hang nay san xuat nhung may bay do tham khong nguoi lai kich co tu chi bang con con trung, co the bay qua cua so, den ca nhung loai lon nhu may bay phan luc co the “la da” o tang binh luu. Nhieu chuyen gia cho rang chang bao lau nua, cac cong ty cua quan doi va tu nhan nhu vay se cho ra doi nhung phi doi may bay khong nguoi lai co the lam moi nhiem vu ma may bay co nguoi lai co the lam, nhu cho hang hay tham gia tac chien tren khong. “Day la loai vu khi co nhu cau rat lon trong thoi dai ngay nay”, Loren Thompson, mot nha phan tich chinh sach quan su cua Vien Lexington (mot to chuc nghien cuu o Arlington, Virginia) noi.  

Mot chiec Predator…  
… va mot Reaper, deu cung "nguon goc xuat xu" o Nam California.

Hien nay, Nam Carlifornia dang la trung tam san xuat may bay khong nguoi lai voi loi the la be day lich su lien quan den nganh vu tru va luc luong lao dong ngay voi tay nghe ngay cang cao. General Atomics va Northrop noi len la nhung nha san xuat may bay khong nguoi lai lon nhat the gioi, voi nhung nha may va khu trung bay khap Nam California. Cac doi thu khac cua hai hang nay la Boeing, hang da che tao duoc may bay khong nguoi lai co the cho hang va do tham, trong do phai ke den loai Phantom co the dung nem bom tam xa, va Phantom Eye - may bay hinh qua trung co the o tren cao den gan 19.000m trong 4 ngay.

AeroVironment Inc co mot loat may bay khong nguoi lai co nho hien da la tru cot cua luc luong linh thuy danh bo My o Afghanistan, mot trong so nay la Raven, chi nang chua den 2kg va trang bi nhieu may quay de “nhin truoc” cho quan doi My thay cai gi hien dien ben tren va dang sau qua doi. Trong khi do, Lockheed Martin Corp., nha thau quoc phong lon nhat My thi co chiec RQ-170 Sentinel con Bethesda co nhung chiec may bay khong nguoi lai dung cho van tai. Steve Gitlin, mot nguoi phat ngon cua AeroVironment noi. “Co nhung may bay khac nhau voi nhung tinh nang khac nhau, nhung ve co ban, chung deu co o day, o California".  

Boeing vua cong bo chiec Phantom Ray UAV, may bay khong nguoi lai moi nhat cua hang.  
Con day la chiec Phantom Eye - may bay hinh qua trung co the o tren cao den gan 19.000m trong 4 ngay.   “May bay khong nguoi lai” - chien luoc ton kem cua My

Sau vu tan cong khung bo ngay 11/9/2001, quan doi My bat ngo muon mot loai vu khi co the san lung va tieu diet nhung hang o nam sau trong nui cua cac nhom khung bo thuoc mang luoi al-Qaeda. Lau Nam Goc da rat manh tay chi cho khoan nay, va day chinh la buoc ngoat doi voi nhung cong ty nhu General Atomics.

Theo Taxpayers for Common Sense, mot nhom giam sat chi tieu cua chinh phu co tru so tai Washington, tu dau nam toi nay Quoc hoi My da danh rieng it nhat 120 trieu USD cho loai may bay chien dau khong nguoi lai. “Nhung thuc ra, khong ai biet chinh xac con so danh cho loai may bay nay la bao nhieu”, Laura Peterson, mot nha phan tich an ninh quoc gia cua to chuc nay noi. “Moi nguoi khong biet chinh xac ve khoan chi, nhung biet may bay do tham la mot phan rat quan trong trong nganh quoc phong My”.

May bay khong nguoi lai rat co y nghia vi chung co the thuc hien nhung chuc nang quan su cuc ky quan trong ma khong gay ton hao tinh mang cua phi cong. Chung cung rat tiet kiem tien. Mot chiec Predator mat khoang 4 trieu USD, trong khi moi chiec F-35 moi hien dang trong giai doan bay thu da “ngon” mat khoang 100 trieu tien cua nguoi dong thue.

Ngay nay, may bay khong nguoi lai da tro thanh mot phan quan trong trong cac chien dich quan su cua quan doi My. Lau Nam Goc da chi hon 4 ty USD trong nam nay de mua va van hanh cac may bay loai nay - trong do hon 7.000 chiec duoc trien khai o Iraq va Afghanistan. Theo cac nha phan tich, CIA cung dang chi khoang 1 ty USD mot nam cho ky thuat san xuat may bay do tham - du con so moi nam khong duoc tiet lo vi ngan sach cua co quan nay duoc bao mat.

May bay san xuat o My cung co mot thi truong quoc te rat lon, gom Tho Nhi Ky, Italy va Anh. Nam ngoai, Khong quan My da tiet lo Ke hoach May bay Khong nguoi lai, trong do vach ro lo trinh phat trien may bay khong nguoi lai cho den nam 2047. Khong quan My dat muc tieu thay the gan nhu tat ca cac may bay tiep nhien lieu va may bay nem bom.

Tuy nhien, nhieu y kien phe binh cho rang trien vong tao viec lam va chien dich van dong tien te da khien cac nghi si trong quoc hoi My “lam ngo” truoc nhung khuyet diem cua may bay khong nguoi lai. Mot loat nhung sai sot da xay ra tren chien truong: trong he thong, nhung su co may tinh, trech muc tieu... Hang tram dan thuong vo toi da thiet mang do nhung cuoc khong kich co su tham gia cua may bay khong nguoi lai o Afghanistan va Pakistan. Con nua, mot so quan ngai rang cong nghe san xuat may bay khong nguoi lai se roi vao tay luc luong khung bo va se duoc dung de chong lai chinh cac muc tieu cua My.

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Updated: 15/09/2010 | Views: 0 | Comments: 0

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